Rudolf Bauer is often compared to Vassily Kandinsky, who is certainly the more famous of the two. Kandinsky was the father of the Non-Objective movement, and Bauer considered him a mentor and an inspiration. But was Bauer just a lesser imitator or a did he further the movement of Non-Objectivity in his own way? Below we compare the two to show their differences and their distinctions.
Both Kandinsky and Bauer were featured on the cover of the German magazine Der Sturm.
Their middle phases were an exploration of Non-Objectivity’s crowded, muscular, cacophonous aesthetic. To me it looks almost microbial, churning, colliding colors and lines.
Kandinsky, Small Pleasures (1913)
Bauer, Con Rosso (1918)
Bauer, Yellow Circle (1915)
The later phases both of them, especially Bauer, explored a cleaner, spacious geometric aesthetic. Shapes hovered in space, outlines were clean and distinct.
Kandinsky, Several Circles, 1926
Bauer, Spiritual Pleasures, 1935
Bauer, Andante, (1938)
Kandinsky, Circles in a Circle 1923.
Bauer, Tetraptychon II, III, IIII (1930)
The similarities are there. The differences are too. I find it thrilling to see them next to each other.
Ada Lovelace, computer programming
October 15 is Ada Lovelace Day, named for the world’s first computer programmer and dedicated to promoting women in STEM—science, technology, engineering, and math. A Victorian-era mathematical genius, Lovelace was the first to describe how computing machines could solve math problems, write new forms of music, and much more, if you gave them instructions in a language they could understand. Of course, over the ensuing 100-plus years, dudes have been lining up to push her out of the picture (more on that below).
Lovelace is hardly the only woman to be erased from the history of her own work. Here’s a quick look at eight women whose breakthroughs were marginalized by their peers.
The daughter of Lord Byron, Lovelace was steered toward math by her mother, who feared her daughter would follow in her father’s “mad, bad, and dangerous" literary footsteps. Luckily, she loved the subject, and remained devoted throughout her brief life—she died in 1852 at age 36, soon after an ambitious, proto-Moneyball attempt to beat the odds at horse racing by developing mathematical models to help place her bets.
When she was barely 20, she started collaborating with the inventor Charles Babbage at the University of London on his “Analytical Engine,” an early model of a computer. In 1843, she added extensive notes of her own to a paper on Babbage’s machine, detailing how the Engine could be fed step-by-step instructions to do complicated math, and trained to work not only with numbers but also words and symbols “to compose elaborate and scientific pieces of music of any degree of complexity or extent.”
The notes are considered the first descriptions of what we now call algorithms and computer programming, and for decades, historians have argued over whether Lovelace came up with them herself, or Babbage was somehow the real author. “Ada was as mad as a hatter, and contributed little more to the ‘Notes’ than trouble,” writes one historian, and a “manic depressive with the most amazing delusions about her own talents.” But Babbage’s own memoir suggests she deserved credit for the “the algebraic working out of the different problems,” and more recently she’s been honored with, among other things, a British medal of honor, a Google Doodle, a tunnel boring machine in London, and her own annual celebration. In 2011, the Ada Initiative was founded to help promote women in computer science and open-source technology.
Pakistan — Burka Avenger
A girls’ schoolteacher by day, and superhero by night, the Burka Avenger is Pakistan’s first animated female superhero. Versed in the fictional art of takht kabbadi, which essentially uses books and pens as deadly projectiles, protagonist Jiya fights people who rail against those performing their duty of educating the youth. Award-winning actress Ainy Jaffri is the voice of Jiya, and despite the fact that there is more strength in this female character than the ones in Mulan and Frozen combined, the show has been criticized for portraying the burqa as a tool of empowerment rather than oppression, proving once again that, be it all-covering or all-showing, a woman simply cannot dress without someone passing sanctimonious judgment.
Bolivia — Super Cholita
Super Cholita immediately gets props for being possibly the only plus-sized woman taken seriously as a comic book hero. Couple that with her strong stance against corruption, and Francisca Pizzaro Mamani is truly a champion of the people. Her power of flight, derived from a Tiwanaku temple, and her garb, inspired by Bolivian history, is enough to make her visual design a fairly progressive creation. Unfortunately the series does occasionally treat her weight as a humor device and “cholita" is an undoubtedly questionable term with a dark past behind it. However, just by existing, even in this occasionally regrettable state, Super Cholita does a lot that Americans can really learn from.
France — Adèle Blanc-Sec
It may sound a bit ambitious, but Adèle Blanc-Sec may just be the most feminist hero of all time. Cult members, greedy businessmen, bureaucratic nonsense and ever-malleable concepts of “patriotism” are all things tackled by this steampunk tech-wielding crime novelist cum investigative journalist. In a strangely self-aware display of gender in the hero genre, Blanc-Sec’s affinity for the wonders of the criminal world does little to mask her cynicism towards all male-centric tropes found in her own medium. The most emphatic proof of her conviction is that her creator cryogenically froze her during the story’s World War I period because she simply wouldn’t have accepted not being allowed to fight and to work as a nurse. Adèle is like Sherlock Holmes as written by Virginia Woolf, and light years ahead of most American comics.
All of the above from this post.
Italy - Zakimort
Zakimort is a rich heiress who, after her father’s murder, decides to fight crime.
Attractive Female, Insanely Rich, Stealth, Unarmed Combat
Japan - Cutey Honey
An android girl named Honey Kisaragi, who transforms into the busty, red or pink-haired heroine Cutie Honey to fight against the assorted villains that threaten her or her world. One of the trademarks of the character is that the transformation involves the temporary loss of all her clothing in the brief interim from changing from one form to the other. According to Nagai, she is the first female to be the protagonist of a shōnen mangaseries.
Among her basic abilities she is capable of driving or piloting any man-made vehicle even when not in one of her alternate forms, jumping extremely high into the air over a hundred feet, super speed even while underwater, and has a high resistance to extreme temperatures such as the arctic or the heat emitted from inside a volcano. Honey also possesses several gadgets including see through glasses that grant X-Ray vision although this is only used in her Honey Kisaragi form, ear rings that can amplify audio such as talking from long distances, and boots that allow her to walk on vertical surfaces as well as ceilings. Her primary weapon is a razor boomerang disguised as an arm band called the Honey Boomerang that can cut through most materials. On her necklace from the Element Change Device she can emit an electric beam called the Honey Beam.
Indonesia - Sri Asih
Sri Asih can be considered an adaptation of America’s superheroine for Indonesia . Nani Wijaya is an innocent girl when she uttered the magic words “Goddess Asih.” Then it turned into a super hero who can fly, invulnerable, super-powered, can multiply and enlarge her body.